The Institute for Comprehensive Spine Care
Dr. Okubadejo and The Institute for Comprehensive Spine Care are committed to excellence by providing the highest quality of spinal care in New Jersey and New York.

Understanding the Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments of Scoliosis

Scoliosis is an orthopedic condition characterized by the abnormal side-to-side curvature of the spine. The curvature can vary from mild to severe. Scoliosis has no cure, although treatments are available. Patients with severe curvatures or curvatures that may result in complications may be referred to an orthopedic surgeon to discuss spine surgery options.


The signs of scoliosis aren’t always apparent. Your healthcare provider may diagnose you with the condition during a routine physical exam. When symptoms are evident, they typically involve asymmetry of the body. You might notice that one of your hips is a little higher than the other or that you have unusual curves in your upper back. Some individuals with scoliosis experience lower back pain or discomfort. Complications may sometimes occur, such as breathing difficulties, spine or nerve damage, and persistent pain due to wear and tear damage.


There are different types of scoliosis, which are categorized according to the underlying cause. For example, neuromuscular scoliosis occurs when a patient has abnormal nerves or muscles. Patients with cerebral palsy, spina bifida, or conditions associated with paralysis are most likely to be diagnosed with neuromuscular scoliosis. Congenital scoliosis is present at birth and it is the result of a bone problem. When scoliosis occurs later in life, it is typically degenerative scoliosis. This can be caused by a traumatic bone injury, osteoporosis, or previous back surgery. Most often; however, patients are diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis, which means that the cause is not known.


Typically, bracing is the first recommended treatment option, particularly if the patient is still in his or her growth years and the curvatures are between 25 and 40 degrees. A back brace can be custom made for the patient’s unique curvature. Sometimes, spine surgery may be appropriate if the patient has curvatures beyond 40 to 50 degrees. A spine surgeon can straighten the spine to some degree and prevent the abnormal curvature from worsening. Metallic implants and bone grafts are used to fuse the vertebrae together.

To explore treatment options for scoliosis that may be appropriate for you, contact The Institute for Comprehensive Spine Care and schedule a consultation with our orthopedic surgeon in New Jersey and New York. You can reach our offices at (887) 854-8274. Or, browse our website for helpful information about spinal conditions.

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Spine Surgery FAQs

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